Fortunately there are other options. Conducrete is an electrically conductive concrete which can substantially improve the performance of an earthing system and it has been used to safeguard performance on a number of tram applications. The product can be used to encase conductive items, such as copper plates, lattice mats, bare cable, earth rods, which will protect the encased item from corrosive ground conditions. However, the process of encasing earthing system elements in Conducrete provides another, more important, contribution. As Conducrete is a conductive concrete it essentially increases the size of whatever conductor it encases to the size of the space occupied by the Conducrete. For example if one were to install a 16mm diameter 3m long earth rod in the ground that would be the size of the conductor (it would also be an easy target for thieves); however if we were to put a 16mm diameter 3m long earth rod in a 200mm diameter 3m deep borehole, then the size of the conductor would increase to those parameters. To achieve a similar size of conductor with metallic components would be prohibitively expensive irrespective of any kind of budget, so when this can be created using a relatively inexpensive material it makes sense to pursue this product solution.